Excessive alcohol drinkers have highest risks of death and cancer, a new study suggests. But exactly how low-risk is light drinking? This new study reveals some new insight about the risk.
A research published in the journal PLOS Medicine on Tuesday shows heavy drinkers have the highest risks of death and cancer.
Additionally, the study also found that those who drink less alcohol – one to three alcoholic drinks per week – have a lower risk of cancer and early death. The risk increases with per week’s additional drink consumption.
Moderate drinkers seem to have a lower combined risk of dying younger or developing cancer compared with non-drinkers, according to the research review.
The new study analyzed data from 99,654 adults aged 55 to 74 years in the U.S. The data was collected by US Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial in 1993 and 2001.
The participants were asked questionnaire regarding their diet history that examined their alcohol consumption. The investigators followed them for an average 8.9 years and confirmed their cancer diagnoses through medical records.
The result of analysis found that the average lifetime alcohol intake calculated among the adults was 1.78 drinks per week.
“The reasons for the reduced risk in light drinkers compared to never drinkers are still open to debate amongst the scientific community. Some have suggested that alcohol may have cardio-protective effects that may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease,” said Andrew Kunzmann, a research fellow at Queen’s University Belfast in Northern Ireland and lead author of the study.